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Black Lives Matter: AASP's Statement & Resources Related to Recent Racialized Events

JUMP TO RACIAL JUSTICE RESOURCE LIST

 

The senseless killings of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor, and Ahmaud Arbery have been emotionally overwhelming and traumatic. These deaths along with the history of racial injustice and brutality against Black people are stark reminders that racism and anti-Blackness continue to function in our society, in and out of sport. These are issues that we, as a professional community, cannot afford to ignore or remain silent about.

To our Black colleagues within AASP, including professionals, early career practitioners and students, and in the broader field of sport psychology around the world – we share in your heartbreak, grief, and outrage over these killings, and we extend our warmth to you. The recent hateful events remind us how far we still have to go to heal from centuries of discrimination, hatred and bigotry. We stand with you in solidarity and we commit as an organization to challenge and confront racism through anti-racist action within the domain of sport and beyond.

AASP unequivocally denounces and condemns these and other instances of racialized violence. Racism and other forms and systems of oppression have no place in our world, in sport, or within our professional community. AASP is committed to addressing the deep systemic injustice of racism and advancing equity and inclusion for all people.

We do not have all the answers but we are an organization that values differences, diversity, and a shared compassion for humanity. We call upon our colleagues, especially our White and White-identifying colleagues and the broader sport and exercise psychology field, to commit to anti-racism. As an organization, we walk in solidarity with the Black community and commit to speak, act and resist against all forms of injustice to create a more equitable sport culture, society and world.

To assist our membership and the larger community with navigating current events, members of AASP's Advocacy Committee and Diversity Committee have compiled the comprehensive collection of resources below.

Contributors to the statement include the AASP Advocacy Committee, Diversity Committee, Dr. Leeja Carter (AASP Diversity & Inclusion Division Head), Dr. Kensa Gunter (AASP President-Elect), and Julia Cawthra (AASP Student Representative)


Racial Justice Resource List

Download/Open List as a PDF

Online Resources

Virtual Mental Health Resources/Support for People of Color

Documentaries/Movies

  • 12 Years a Slave (Netflix)
  • 13th (Netflix)
  • American Son (Netflix)
  • Boyz in the Hood (Prime Video)
  • Breaking the Huddle: The Integration of College Football (HBO)
  • Crime + Punishment (Hulu)
  • Dark Girls (Prime Video)
  • Dear White People (Netflix)
  • Do the Right Thing (Prime Video)
  • Eyes on the Prize (Prime Video)
  • Freedom Riders (PBS)
  • Fruitvale Station (Prime Video)
  • Hidden Figures (Prime Video)
  • High Flying Bird (Netflix)
  • Higher Learning (Prime Video)
  • I Am Not Your Negro (Prime Video)
  • Is Britain Racist? (BBC)
  • Just Mercy (Rakuten)
  • King in the Wilderness (HBO)
  • The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross (PBS)
  • The Central Park Five (Netflix)
  • The Hate You Give (Prime Video)
  • The House I Live In (Prime Video)
  • The Misadventures of Romesh Ranganathan Series 2:1. Zimbabwe (BBC)
  • The Shop (HBO)
  • Time: The Kalief Browder Story (Netflix)
  • Rest in Power: The Trayvon Martin Story (Netflix)
  • Rosewood (Hulu)
  • Selma (Prime Video)
  • Slavery by Another Name (PBS)
  • When They See Us (Netflix)

Podcasts

Instagram Accounts to Follow 

Books/Book Chapters

  • Akala (2019). Natives: Race and class in the ruins of empire. Two Roads.
  • Alexander, M. (2010). The new Jim Crow: Mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness. New Press.
  • Allport, G. W. (1979). The nature of prejudice. Basic Books.
  • Anderson, C. (2016). White rage: The unspoken truth of our racial divide. Bloomsbury.
  • Andrews, K. (2018). Back to black: Black radicalism for the 21st century. Zed Books.
  • Baldwin, J. (1998). James Baldwin: Collected essays. The Library of America.
  • Baldwin, J. (2012). Notes of a native son. Beacon Press.
  • Bell, D. (1992). Faces at the bottom of the well: The permanence of racism. HarperCollins Publishers.
  • Bhui, K. (2002). Racism and mental health: Prejudice and suffering. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Bonilla-Silva, E. (2017). Racism without racists: Color-blind racism and the persistence of racial inequality in America (5th ed.). Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Boyd-Franklin, N. (1989). Black families in therapy: A multisystems approach. Guilford Press.
  • Bradbury, S., Lusted, J., & van Sterkenburg, J. (Eds.) (2020). ‘Race,’ ethnicity and racism in sports coaching. Routledge.
  • Bryant, H. (2018). The heritage: Black athletes, a divided America, and the politics of patriotism. Beacon Press.
  • Butryn, T. M. (2016). Whiteness in sport psychology. In R. J. Schinke, K. R. McGannon, & B. Smith (Eds.), Routledge international handbook of sport psychology (pp. 228-237). Routledge.
  • Byrd, A. D., & Tharps, L. L. (2002). Hair story: Untangling the roots of Black hair in America. St. Martin's Press.
  • Carrington, B. (2010). Race, sport, and politics: The sporting black diaspora. Sage.
  • Carter, L. (Ed.) (2020). Feminist applied sport psychology: From theory to practice. Routledge.  
  • Carter, R. (1995). The influence of race and racial identity in psychotherapy: Toward a racially inclusive model. Wiley & Sons.
  • Carter-Francique, A. R., & Flowers, C. L. (2013). Intersections of race, ethnicity, and gender in sport. In E. Roper (Ed.), Gender relations in sport (pp. 73-93). Sense Publishers.
  • Channing Brown, A. (2018). I’m still here: Black dignity in a world made for whiteness. Convergent.
  • Chavers, D. (2009). Racism in Indian country. Peter Lang.
  • Cheng, Y. (2019). Discourses of race and rising China: Mapping global racism. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Coates, T. (2015). Between the world and me. The Text Publishing Company.
  • Cousins, S. (2019). Overcoming everyday racism: Building resilience and wellbeing in the face of discrimination and microaggressions. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Cross, W. E. (1991). Shades of black: Diversity in African-American identity. Temple University Press.
  • Diangelo, R. (2018). White fragility: Why it’s so hard for white people to talk about racism. Beacon Press.
  • Dyson, M. E. (2017). Tears we cannot stop: A sermon to white America. St. Martin’s Press.
  • Dyson, M. E. (2018). What truth sounds like: RFK, James Baldwin, and our unfinished conversation about race in America. St. Martin’s Press.
  • Eddo-Lodge, R. (2018). Why I’m no longer talking to white people about race. Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Edwards, H. (1969/2017). The revolt of the black athlete. The Free Press/University of Illinois Press.
  • Fanning, B. (2018). Racism and social change in the Republic of Ireland. Manchester University Press.
  • Fanon, F. (1965). The wretched of the earth. MacGibbon & Kee.
  • Fanon, F. (2008). Black skin, white masks. Grove Press.
  • Feagin, J. R. (2013) The white racial frame: Centuries of racial framing and counter-framing. Routledge.
  • Fernando, S. (2010). Mental health, race and culture (3rd ed.). Red Globe Press.
  • Grier, W. H., & Cobbs, P. M. (1968). Black rage. Basic Books.
  • Hawkins, B., Carter-Francique, A. R., & Cooper J. N. (2016). Critical race theory: Black athletic sporting experiences in the United States. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Hawkins, B., Cooper, J., Carter-Francique, A., & Cavil, J. K. (Eds.). (2015). The athletic experience at Historically Black Colleges and Universities: Past, present, and persistence. Rowman & Littlefield.
  • Helms, J. (1992). A race is a nice thing to have: A guide to being a white person or understanding the white persons in your life. Content Communications.
  • Hill Collins, P. (1998). Fighting words: Black women and the search for justice. University of Minnesota Press.
  • Hill Collins, P. (2005). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. Routledge.
  • Hooks, B. (1998). Representing whiteness in the black imagination. In D. Roediger (Ed.), Black on white: Black writers on what it means to be white (pp. 38-53). Schocken Books.
  • James, C. E. (2005). Race in play: Understanding the socio-cultural worlds of student-athletes. Canadian Scholars Press.
  • Johnson, M. D. (2007). Race and racism in the Chinas: Chinese racial attitudes toward Africans and African-Americans. Author House.
  • Katz, J. H. (2003). White awareness (2nd ed.). University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Kazembe, K., & Kambon, K. (1992). The African personality in America. Nubian Nation Publications.
  • Kendi, I. X. (2017). Stamped from the beginning. Bold Type Books.
  • Kendi, I. X. (2019). How to be an antiracist. One World.
  • Kennedy, R. (2003). Nigger: The strange career of a troublesome word (1st Vintage Books edition). Random House.
  • Lago, C., & Thompson, J. (2005). Race, culture and counseling (2nd ed.). Open University Press.
  • Leonard, D. J. (2017). Playing while white: Privilege and power on and off the field. University of Washington Press.
  • Littlewood, R., & Lipsedge, M. (1982). Aliens and alienists: Ethnic minorities and psychiatry. Penguin.
  • Lorde, A. (2007). Sister outsider: Essays and speeches by Audre Lorde. Cross Press.
  • Love, B. L. (2019). We want to do more than survive: Abolitionist teaching and the pursuit of educational freedom. Beacon Press.
  • McDonald, M. G., & Shelby, R. (2018) Feminism, intersectionality, and the problem of whiteness in leisure and sport practices and scholarship. In L. Mansfield, J. Caudwell, B. Wheaton, & B. Watson (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of feminism and sport, leisure, and physical education (pp. 497-514). Palgrave Macmillan.
  • McDuie-Ra, D. (2015). Introduction: ‘Let’s stop pretending there’s no racism in India. In D. McDuie-Ra, Debating race in contemporary India (pp. 1-31). Palgrave Pivot.
  • Magee, R. V. (2019). The inner work of racial justice: Healing ourselves and transforming our communities through mindfulness. Bantam Dell Publishing Group.
  • Mahtani, A., & D’Ardenne, P. (1999). Transcultural counseling in action (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications.
  • Maylam, P. (2001). South Africa's racial past: The history and historiography of racism, segregation, and apartheid. Routledge.
  • Metzl, J. M. (2019). Dying of whiteness: How the politics of racial resentment is killing America’s heartland. Hachette Book Group.
  • Moore, L. (2017). We will win the day: The Civil Rights movement, the Black athlete, and the quest for equality. Praeger Press.
  • Myers, L. J. (1993). Understanding an Afrocentric world view: Introduction to an optimal psychology. Kendall Hunt Publishing.
  • Nobles, W. W. (2006). Seeking the sakhu: Foundational writings for an African psychology. Third World Press.
  • Oluo, I. (2018) So you want to talk about race. Seal Press.
  • Olusoga, D. (2017). Black and British: A forgotten history. Pan.
  • Parham, W. D. (2005). Raising the bar: Developing an understanding of athletes from racially, culturally, and ethnically diverse backgrounds. In M. Andersen (Ed.), Sport psychology in practice (pp. 201-216). Human Kinetics.
  • Parham, W. D. (2019). Hiding in plain sight: Discovering the promises of multicultural sport psychology. In M. H. Anshel, T. A. Petrie, & J. A. Steinfeldt (Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology series. APA handbook of sport and exercise psychology, Vol. 1. Sport psychology (pp. 489–508). American Psychological Association.
  • Pedersen, P. B. (1997). Culture-centered counseling interventions: Striving for accuracy. SAGE Publications.
  • Rhoden, W. (2006). $40 million dollar slaves: The rise, fall, and redemption of the black athlete. Three Rivers Press.
  • Rutherford, A. (2020). How to argue with a racist: History, science, race and reality. Weidenfeld & Nicolson.
  • Saad, L. F. (2020). Me and white supremacy: Combat racism, change the world, and become a good ancestor. Sourcebooks. 
  • Sewell, H. (2008). Working with ethnicity, race and culture in mental health: A handbook for practitioners. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.
  • Steele, C. (2011). Whistling Vivaldi: How stereotypes affect us and what we can do (Issues of our time). W. W. Norton & Company.
  • Stenner, K. (2010). The authoritarian dynamic: Cambridge studies in public opinion and political psychology. Cambridge University Press.
  • Sue, D. W. (2003). Overcoming our racism: The journey to liberation. Jossey-Bass.
  • Sue, D. W. (2010). Recognizing microaggressions and the messages they send. In D. W. Sue (Ed.), Microaggressions in everyday life: Race, gender, and sexual orientation. Wiley & Sons.
  • Tatum, B. D. (1997). "Why are all the Black kids sitting together in the cafeteria?" and other conversations about race. Basic Books.
  • Weems, A. J., & Singer J. N. (2017). Racial barriers in eurocentric sport(ing) institutions countering the white racial frame. In Thompson-Miller, R. & Ducey, K. (Eds.), Systemic racism (pp. 285-306). Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Welsing, F. C. (2004). The isis papers: The keys to the colors. Afrikan World Books.
  • Wijeyesinghe, C. L., & Jackson, B. W. (2012). New perspectives on racial identity development: Integrating emerging frameworks (2nd ed.). NYU Press.
  • Wise, T. (2011). White like me: Reflections on race from a privileged son. Soft Skull Press.
  • Wright, B. E. (2006). The psychopathic racial personality and other essays (2nd ed.). Third World Press.
  • X, M., & Haley, A. (1965). The autobiography of Malcolm X. Grove Press.
  • Yoshino, K. (2007). Covering: The hidden assault on our civil rights. Random House.

Refereed Journal Articles

  • Burden, J. W., Harrison, L., & Hodge, S. R. (2005). Perceptions of African American faculty in kinesiology-based programs at predominately White American institutions of higher education. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 76(2), 224-237. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2005.10599283 
  • Butryn, T. M. (2009). (Re)examining whiteness in sport psychology through autonarrative excavation. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 7(3), 323-341. https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197X.2009.9671913
  • Carter, L., & Davila, C. (2017). Is it because I’m Black? Microaggressive experiences against Black professionals in sport and exercise psychology. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 48(5), 287–293. https://doi.org/10.1037/pro0000145
  • Cooper, J. N., Macaulay, C., & Rodriguez, S. H. (2019). Race and resistance: A typology of African American sport activism. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 54(2), 151-181. https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690217718170
  • Crenshaw, K. (1989). Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: A Black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1, 139-167. https://chicagounbound.uchicago.edu/uclf/vol1989/iss1/8
  • Cunningham, G. B., Dixon, M. A., Singer, J. N., Oshiro, K. F., Ahn, N. Y., & Weems, A. (2019). A site to resist and persist: Diversity, social justice, and the unique nature of sport. Journal of Global Sport Management. https://doi.org/10.1080/24704067.2019.1578623
  • Devos, T., & Banaji, M. R. (2005). American = White? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88(3), 447-466. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.88.3.447
  • Helms, J. E. (2017). The challenge of making whiteness visible: Reactions to four whiteness articles. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(5), 717-726. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000017718943
  • Hextrum, K. (2019). Segregation, innocence, and protection: The institutional conditions that maintain whiteness in college sports. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/dhe0000140
  • Hylton, K. (2010). How a turn to critical race theory can contribute to our understanding of ‘race’, racism and anti-racism in sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 45(3), 335-354. https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690210371045
  • Kontos, A. P., & Breland-Noble, A. M. (2002). Racial/ethnic diversity in applied sport psychology: A multicultural introduction to working with athletes of color. The Sport Psychologist, 16(3), 296-315. https://doi.org/10.1123/tsp.16.3.296
  • Küey, L. (2017). How to deal with growing racism and discrimination against refugees and asylum seekers in Europe? European Psychiatry, 41(1), S24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2017.01.130
  • Lawrence, S. M. (2005). African American athletes’ experiences of race in sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 40(1), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.1177/1012690205052171
  • Lee, W., & Cunningham, G. B. (2019). Moving toward understanding social justice in sport organizations: A study of engagement in social justice advocacy in sport organizations. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 43(3), 245-263. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723519832469
  • Love, A., Deeb, A., & Waller, S. N. (2019). Social justice, sport and racism: A position statement. Quest, 71(2), 227-238. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2019.1608268
  • Parham, T. A. (1989). Cycles of psychological Nigrescence. The Counseling Psychologist, 17(2), 187-226. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000089172001 
  • Rowe, J. (2010). Voices from the inside: African American women's perspectives on healthy lifestyles. Health Education & Behavior, 37(6), 789-800. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198110365992
  • Schinke, R. J., Middleton, T., Petersen, B., Kao, S., Lefebvre, D., & Habra, B. (2019). Social justice in sport and exercise psychology: A position statement. Quest, 71(2), 163-174. https://doi.org/10.1080/00336297.2018.1544572
  • Stadulis, R. E., Neal-Barnett, A., MacCracken, M. J., & Fender-Scarr, L. (2014). Social physique anxiety in early adolescent black females. Comprehensive Psychology, 3(12), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.2466/07.13.CP.3.12
  • Sue, D. W. (2004). Whiteness and ethnocentric monoculturalism: Making the “invisible" visible. American Psychologist, 59(8), 761-769. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.761
  • Sue, D. W. (2005). Racism and the conspiracy of silence: Presidential address. The Counseling Psychologist, 33(1), 100-114. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000004270686
  • Withycombe, J. L. (2011). Intersecting selves: African American female athletes’ experiences of sport. Sociology of Sport Journal, 28(4), 478-493. https://doi.org/10.1123/ssj.28.4.478